Turmeric Essential Oil from India
Turmeric Essential Oil from India
Other/Common names(s): haldi, curcuma, Indian saffron
Turmeric is commonly called Haldi in Urdu and Hindi and ‘haridra’ in Ayurvedic medicine.
Botanical name: Curcuma longa syn. C.domestica
Botanical Family: Zingiberaceae
Extraction method: steam distillation
Plant part used: dry rhizome
Cultivation method: conventional cultivation
Country of origin: Native to tropical Asia, it is extensively cultivated in India, Indonesia and China. Our oil comes from India.
Turmeric has been used medicinally for over 4,500 years. Analyses of pots discovered near New Delhi uncovered residue from turmeric, ginger and garlic that dates back as early as 2500 BCE.
Turmeric plays an important part in traditional Ayurvedic medicine. Some of the traditional uses include the topical application of turmeric juice to assist with the healing of wounds and bruises. Turmeric paste was also applied to ease various skin conditions, such as chicken pox or acne. Over 100 different terms for turmeric can be found in Ayurvedic literature, including ‘haridra’ (‘one who is golden coloured’) and ‘jayanti’ (‘one who is victorious over diseases’). In the Hindu religion, turmeric is seen as both auspicious and sacred and is used in marriage rituals and as a protective amulet.
Turmeric rhizomes are used fresh or boiled in water and dried, after which they are ground into a deep orange-yellow powder commonly used as a colouring and flavouring agent in many Asian cuisines, especially for curries, as well as for dyeing (e.g. Buddhist robes), characteristics imparted by the principal turmeric constituent, curcumin.
In Medieval Europe, turmeric was called "Indian saffron.
Biochemical class: ketone/sesquiterpene
ar-turmerone 27.90%, turmerone 14.83%, curlone 13.77%, β -sesquiphellandrene 8.72%, ar-curcumene 5.98%, α -zingiberene 5.83%, 1,8-cineole 4.85%, (E)- α -atlantone 2.03%, α -santalene 1.95%, β -bisabolene 1.94%, α -phellandrene 1.67%, α -pinene 1.20%, p-cymene 0.98%, (E)- β -farnesene 0.94%, germacrene B 0.92%, helifolen-12-alC 0.90%, (E)- γ -bisabolene 0.81%, Epi- β -Santalene 0.80%, selina-3,7(11)-diene 0.73%, limonene 0.60 %, zingiberenol 0.59%, β-phellandrene 0.50%, curcuphenol 0.45%, γ-elemene 0.34%, α -humulene 0.28%, camphene 0.20%, α-thujene 0.16%
Aroma strength: medium - strong
Perfumery note: base
Aroma: earthy, slightly musky, spicy, warm, woody, reminiscent of ginger
Traditional Aromatherapy Uses:
Traditionally in aromatherapy treatments turmeric essential oil is associated with the following therapeutic properties: analgesic, antiarthritic, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, bactericidal, cholagogue, digestive, diuretic, gastroprotective, hypotensive, rubefacient, stimulant
Qualified aromatherapists may use turmeric essential oil for common complaints such as:
- Muscular and joint issues – rheumatism, arthritis, joint pain, e.g. inflammation and pain in osteoarthritis
- Digestive issues – indigestion, liver support
How we use it:
- For muscular aches and pains – try blending with oils such as black pepper, ginger, lavender or rosemary. Dilute appropriately in a ‘carrier’ oil and massage the affected areas.
- For indigestion – try combining with sweet orange, ginger, sweet fennel, cardamom or rosemary
Please, also see our How to Use Essential Oils Safely page for more information
Tisserand and Young do not indicate any known hazards or contraindications for the use of Turmeric Essential Oil in inhalation or topically. Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, Essential Oil Safety (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014),458.]
Please, also see our How to Use Essential Oils Safely page for more information.