Common name: Geranium
Latin name: Pelargonium x asperum, Pelargonium graveolens
Botanical family: Geraniaceae
Method of extraction: distilled at our organically certified distillery
Plant part used to extract the oil:leaves and brunches
Cultivation method: organic farming
Area of origin: Chalkidiki, Northern Greece
Historical notes: Pelargoniums originate from south Africa and only became popular in Europe in the 19th century, therefore they are not associated specifically with Greek history.
Biochemical group: monoterpenols and esters
Main chemical constituents: citronellol, geraniol, linalool, geranyl formate, isomenthone, others
Aroma strength: medium - strong
Perfumery note: middle
Aroma: Herbaceous, leafy green and fresh with a rosy floral aroma and a hint of citrus
Traditional Aromatherapy Uses:
Traditionally in aromatherapy treatments geranium is associated with the following therapeutic properties: analgesic, antibacterial, antimicrobial, antianxiety, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiseptic, astringent, cicatrisant, deodorant, diuretic, haemostatic, adrenal cortex stimulant, tonic, vulnerary
Qualified aromatherapists may use geranium essential oil for common complaints such as:
- skin conditions: balancing production of sebum and in general skin care for all skin types, inflammatory skin conditions and bruising, skin regeneration, eczema, psoriasis and acne, impetigo and athlete’s foot
nervous tension and stress related conditions, chronic and acute anxiety, nervous exhaustion and stress due to overwork, irritability; balancing, stabilising, calming
reproductive system – emotional stress related to the fluctuating hormones and menstrual problems.
How we use it:
Inhalation / Vaporisation:
- We really enjoy this oil as it blends so easily and can be incorporated into so many blends – try with bergamot, Blue chamomile. Lavender, Lemon, Mandarine or Sweet orange for anxiety and stress. Alternatively, for more invigorating effect, try with lemon, peppermint, black pine and a touch of rosemary. For ‘feeling blue’ try with some Bergamot and other citruses.
- For a congested, oily skin cream - add together with our Cypress and/or Lavender essential oil to an unscented face cream. Lemon essential oil would also work well but remember to follow the recommended dilutions to avoid phototoxicity.
- Geranium is a ‘classic’ in blends relating to menstrual problems – combine with Sweet marjoram and Lavender for menstrual cramps and PMS.
Please, also see our How to Use Essential Oils Safely page for more information
Tisserand and Young indicate that Geranium Essential Oil may interact with drugs and that it presents with low risk of skin sentisation. They recommend maximum dermal use level of 17.5%. Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, 'Essential Oil Safety' (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 292.]
Please, also see our How to Use Essential Oils Safely page for more information.
Research and studies:
- Commercial Essential Oils as Potential Antimicrobials to Treat Skin Diseases
- Essential oils used in aromatherapy: A systemic review
- Antibacterial and antifungal activity of ten essential oils in vitro.
- The biological activities of cinnamon, geranium and lavender essential oils.
- Anti-neuroinflammatory effects of geranium oil in microglial cells