Italian Bergamot Essential Oil
Italian Bergamot Essential Oil
Latin name: Citrus bergamia, Citrus aurantium subsp. bergamia
Method of extraction:expressed
Plant part used to extract the oil:peels of not fully ripe fruits
Cultivation method: organic farming
Area of origin: Italy
Historical notes: Bergamot has been grown in the Mediterranean area since 16th century. It is extensively cultivated for commercial purposes in Italy, mainly in Calabria. In Greece, bergamot orange (‘pergamonto’ in Greek) is grown in certain Aegean islands, Crete and Peloponnese.An extraordinary bergamot liquor is produced in Chios island. Bergamot zest is used in bakery products or a garnish on strained yoghurt. It is also used in home-made marmalades.
The recipe of ‘croquettes ala crème au bergamote’ in a Greek cookbook printed in Constantinople and dated in 1863 (Sarantis N., A Work on Cooking ‘Siggrama tis magirikis’), might be the first written record of the use of bergamot zest by Greeks.
Biochemical group: Ester / monoterpene
Main chemical constituents: linalyl acetate, limonene, gamma-terpinene, linalool, geranyl acetate, others
Colour:greenish, olive green
Aroma strength: medium-strong
Perfumery note: top
Aroma: fresh, fruity-sweet, citrusy with a hint of fresh floral notes
Traditional Aromatherapy Uses:
Traditionally in aromatherapy treatments Bergamot is associated with the following therapeutic properties: analgesic, antianxiety, antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, , antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, calming, carminative, cicatrisant, CNS tonic, digestive, deodorant, sedative, stomachic, vulnerary
Qualified aromatherapists may use bergamot essential oil for common complaints such as:
skin conditions: oily and congested skin, wounds and various ulcers, eczema and psoriasis,fungal and candida infections, cold sores and shingles. Please remember it is a phototoxic oil – see below for more information
nervous tension and stress related conditions like irritability, mood swings, mild depression
digestive issues: loss of appetite and stress-related indigestion
How we use it:
Inhalation / Vaporisation or Skin application (massage or bath blend):
- Vaporise as an aerial antiseptic blended with Lemon, Black Pine and a drop of Laurel
- Vaporise for metal exhaustion and lethargy with a hint of Rosemary
- For anxiety and stress try blended with Geranium, Lavender or any of the other Citruses
Please, also see our How to Use Essential Oils Safely page for more information
Tisserand and Young indicate that Bergamot Essential Oil is phototoxic and as such should be used with care at maximum 0.4%. They also warn that old or oxidised oil should not be used. They also recommend storing the oil in a fridge. Reading Tisserand and Young's full profile is recommended. [Robert Tisserand and Rodney Young, 'Essential Oil Safety' (Second Edition. United Kingdom: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2014), 325-328.]
Please, also see our How to Use Essential Oils Safely page for more information.
Research and studies:
- Aroma-therapeutic effects of massage blended essential oils on humans.
- Bergamot (Citrus bergamia) Essential Oil Inhalation Improves Positive Feelings in the Waiting Room of a Mental Health Treatment Center: A Pilot Study
- The effects of the inhalation method using essential oils on blood pressure and stress responses of clients with essential hypertension.
- Effects of Bergamot (Citrus bergamia (Risso) Wright &Arn.) Essential Oil Aromatherapy on Mood States, Parasympathetic Nervous System Activity, and Salivary Cortisol Levels in 41 Healthy Females